What Are the Rules of Photography?

David Koonar Windsor

September 5, 2022

Rules of Photography

Photography has rules and principles that must be followed to produce a stunning photo. These rules of photography include the Rule of Thirds, the Golden ratio, Framing, and Viewpoint. By following these rules, you can take stunning images every time. You can also use these rules to improve photographic skills.

Rule of thirds

When taking photos, it is essential to consider the placement of different elements in your composition. How they are placed affects how the viewer perceives your photograph. Many beginners make the mistake of putting the horizon or main subject in the center of the photo. By utilizing the rule of thirds, you can improve your compositions.

For example, photographing a boat and a mountain is better if they are close to intersecting points. A similar rule applies to landscapes. Putting the horizon in the center of a photograph creates a dull image that lacks dynamic contrast.

Golden ratio

The Golden Ratio is a popular tool in photography. It allows photographers to compose images with the ideal amount of contrast and balance. It has many applications and has been used by many famous artists to create stunning works. Many people use it in their personal and professional careers, but it is also an effective compositional tool in other visual arts.

One way to use the golden ratio is by using the Rule of Thirds. In this method, vertical and horizontal lines are placed one-third of the way from the edges of the frame. This creates golden rectangles in the frame. The points where these lines meet are potential points of interest in the image. Therefore, when composing a shot, align the most exciting aspects of the image along these points for a visually balanced composition.


A photographer’s point of view has a significant impact on the way their photographs look. By changing the angle from which the subject is seen, a point of view can highlight the curves and shapes of a scene. For example, Henri Cartier Bresson’s photograph of the stairs at Hyeres, France, uses an acute angle to emphasize the geometric form of the steps below. Another famous photographer, Paul Strand, took pictures of Wall Street in 1915 from an unusual angle. This kind of composition can make a subject appear alien or surreal.

There are several types of Points of View, each of which has advantages and disadvantages. For example, the Bird’s Eye View is a perspective that allows the viewer to look down on the subject. This viewpoint is often used for street photography or portraits, but it can be challenging to produce dynamic photos utilizing this style.


In photography, Framing is a fundamental element that can enhance a photo. By adding a frame to your image, you’ll be able to complement the main subject and make it stand out from the background. So whether you’re shooting a landscape or a portrait, you’ll want to consider the frame.

Using frames is a great way to lift your photographs; the more you practice, the more familiar you’ll become with them. If you’re unfamiliar with this technique, try referring to a guide to poses and compositions.


Composition is the art of arranging objects in a photograph to form an overall story. While this can be done in many ways, the goal is to draw the viewer’s attention to the subject. Therefore, the suitable composition will create a pleasing overall image and help the viewer understand what the photograph is all about.

To begin, learn the rules of composition and analyze the photographs you admire. Then, try to copy what you like in them. This will help you understand the rules of design and refine your natural-born talents.


One of the basic rules of photography is to crop your photos. An excellent way to do this is by dividing your image into nine equal squares using the rule of thirds. However, if you’re a beginning photographer, it’s easy to forget about cropping and end up with a less-than-ideal photo.

The reason for cropping your photos is to make them more visually appealing. A tight crop allows you to emphasize details and emotions in a picture. It also creates a greater sense of drama. It also helps you isolate your main subject from other elements in the frame and naturally draws the viewer’s eye to its focus. In addition to improving the composition, cropping also eliminates unnecessary background noise.